The World of Grandpa Don

The Holy Roman Emperors
and others


This page originates from a line of my maternal ancestors.

The relationships of the ancestors and the description of their lives were verified and taken from Wikipedia with additional information gleaned from Ancestry.com.

This is their story, as I know it.

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Introduction

 This line of ancestors originates with Martha Clay who was the wife of Shepard L Packard, my 2nd great grandparents on my mother's side. Little is known of their family origins however we did find a long ancestral line beginning with her mother, Rebecca Rose (1796-1857)

 As a guide, we have the Ancestry chart for Martha Clay my 2nd great grandmother. The chart is 97 pages long and culminates with ... Merovech (415-458) is the semi-legendary founder of the Merovingian dynasty of the Salian Franks (although either Childeric I, his supposed son, or Clovis I, his supposed grandson, may in fact be the founder), which later became the dominant Frankish tribe. He is said to be one of several barbarian warlords and kings that joined forces with the Roman general Aetius against the Huns under Attila on the Catalaunian fields in Gaul. The first Frankish royal dynasty called themselves Merovingians ("descendants of Meroveus") after him, although no other historical evidence exists that Merovech ever lived. And so this legendary German Warlord born in 415 AD may be our 59th great grandparent. For information on his son Childeric I and grandson Clovis I who were historically known, see Merovingian dynasty, However the earliest ancestor in the line seems to be Flavius Richomeres who was reported to have died in 393AD.

We also have my Maternal line to Pippen to use as a guide.

 

American Ancestors

The American ancestors of this particular line include the surnames Rose, Hixon and Kemp. It was Rauf Kemp who was born in Keyingham, York, England.

 

English Ancestors

There were several generations of Kemps most of little note but in earlier days some who were knighted. The Kemp line actually extends from Norman Kempe (1200-1295) in England. We also have a number of family branches in England.

However the line we wish to follow branches off with the wife of Robert Kempe Esquire (1427-1485). She was Margaret Elizabeth Curzon. Her grandfather Richard Curzon's mother was Margaret Montgomery (born in 1635). Her line of ancestors is followed to William de Montgomery of Cubley (1239-1303) where we branch off to his mother, Matilda Brabant DeSutton and then to her mother, Marie de Hohenstauffen (1201-1235). She was born at Hohenstauffen, Swabia, Bayern, Germany.

 

German Ancestors

Philip Hohenstaufen King of Germany

Philip Hohenstaufen of Germany (1177-1208) was the father of  Marie de Hohenstauffen.

Philip of Swabia (February/March 1177 – 21 June 1208) was a prince of the House of Hohenstaufen and King of Germany from 1198 to 1208. In the long-time struggle for the German throne upon the death of Emperor Henry VI between the Hohenstaufen and Welf dynasties, he was the first German king to be assassinated.

Philip was preparing to crush the last flicker of the Welf rebellion in Brunswick-Lüneburg, when he proceeded to Bamberg, in order to participate as a guest at the wedding of his niece Countess Beatrice II of Burgundy with Duke Otto of Merania on 21 June 1208. After the ceremony, Philip retired in his rooms, where he was assaulted and murdered by the Bavarian count palatine Otto VIII. The pregnant queen Irene Angelina fled to Hohenstaufen Castle where she miscarried and died shortly afterwards. Otto of Wittelsbach escaped the Hohenstaufen henchmen.

He was born at Pavia, Lombardy, Italy and died at Bamberg, Franconia, Germany. His wife was Irene Angelina of Byzantium.

Irene Angelina (c. 1181 – 27 August 1208), was a Byzantine princess member of the Angelos dynasty and by her two marriages Queen of Sicily in 1193 and Queen of Germany from 1198 to 1208. She was the second daughter of Byzantine emperor Isaac II Angelos and his first wife, an unknown Palaiologina? who became nun with the name Irene.

 

Frederick I Holy Roman Emperor

 Philip Hohenstaufen's father was Frederick I (German: Friedrich I, Italian: Federico I; 1122 – 10 June 1190), also known as Frederick Barbarossa (Italian: Federico Barbarossa), was the Holy Roman Emperor from 1155 until his death. He was elected King of Germany at Frankfurt on 4 March 1152 and crowned in Aachen on 9 March 1152. He became King of Italy in 1155 and was crowned Roman Emperor by Pope Adrian IV on 18 June 1155. Two years later, the term sacrum ("holy") first appeared in a document in connection with his Empire. He was later formally crowned King of Burgundy, at Arles on 30 June 1178. He was named Barbarossa by the northern Italian cities which he attempted to rule: Barbarossa means "red beard" in Italian; in German, he was known as Kaiser (Cesar) Rotbart, which has the same meaning. Before his imperial election, Frederick was by inheritance Duke of Swabia (1147–1152, as Frederick III). He was the son of Duke Frederick II of the Hohenstaufen dynasty and Judith, daughter of Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria, from the rival House of Welf. Frederick therefore descended from the two leading families in Germany, making him an acceptable choice for the Empire's prince-electors. Historians consider him among the Holy Roman Empire's greatest medieval emperors. He combined qualities that made him appear almost superhuman to his contemporaries: his longevity, his ambition, his extraordinary skills at organization, his battlefield acumen and his political perspicuity. Among his contributions to Central European society and culture include the reestablishment of the Corpus Juris Civilis, or the Roman rule of law, which counterbalanced the papal power that dominated the German states since the conclusion of the Investiture Controversy. Frederick died in 1190 in Asia Minor while leading an army in the Third Crusade.

 Frederick I's wife was Adelaide of Vohburg (German: Adela or Adelheid; c. 1125 – 25 May after 1187) was Duchess of Swabia from 1147 and German queen from 1152 until 1153, as the first wife of the Hohenstaufen king Frederick Barbarossa, the later Holy Roman Emperor.

 

Frederick II Duke of Swabia

The father of Emperor Frederick I, oddly enough, was Frederick II (1090 – 6 April 1147), called the One-Eyed, was Duke of Swabia from 1105 until his death, the second from the Hohenstaufen dynasty. His younger brother Conrad was elected King of the Romans in 1138
His wife was Agnes of Waiblingen (1072/73 – 24 September 1143), also known as Agnes of Germany, Agnes of Poitou and Agnes of Saarbrücken, was a member of the Salian imperial family. Through her first marriage, she was Duchess of Swabia; through her second marriage, she was Margravine of Austria.

Children:

With Judith of Bavaria (1103- 22 February 1131), daughter of Henry IX, Duke of Bavaria:

 Frederick III Barbarossa (1122–1190), duke of Swabia and Holy Roman Emperor as Frederick I

Bertha (Judith) (1123–1195), married Matthias I, Duke of Lorraine

With Agnes of Saarbrücken (d. c. 1147), daughter of Frederick, Count of Saarbrücken:

Conrad of Hohenstaufen (also spelled Konrad) (1134/1136-1195), Count Palatine of the Rhine.
Jutta (1135–1191), married Louis II, Landgrave of Thuringia

 

Frederick I, Duke of Swabia

The Father of Frederick II was Frederick I (c. 1050 – before 21 July 1105) was Duke of Swabia from 1079 to his death, the first ruler from the House of Hohenstaufen.
He was the son of Frederick of Büren (c.1020–1053), Count in the Riesgau and Swabian Count Palatine, with Hildegard of Egisheim-Dagsburg (d. 1094/95), a niece of Pope Leo IX and founder of the Abbey of Saint Faith in Schlettstadt, Alsace. When Frederick succeeded his father, he had Hohenstaufen Castle erected on the eponymous mountain in the Swabian Jura range, which became the ancestral seat of the dynasty. He also founded a Benedictine abbey at the site of former Lorch Castle about 1100. By his mother he ruled over large Alsatian estates around Schlettstadt and Hagenau.

About 1086/87, Frederick married Agnes, daughter of Emperor Henry IV.They had several sons and daughters, amongst whom were:

After Frederick's death, Agnes secondly married the Babenberg margrave Leopold III of Austria in 1106. Both are buried in Klosterneuburg Monastery.

 

Henry IV King of Germany and Emperor

Agnes' father was Henry IV (German: Heinrich IV; 11 November 1050 – 7 August 1106) ascended to King of the Germans in 1056 From 1084 until his forced abdication in 1105, he was also referred to as the King of the Romans and Holy Roman Emperor. He was the third emperor of the Salian dynasty and one of the most powerful and important figures of the 11th century. His reign was marked by the Investiture Controversy with the Papacy, and he was excommunicated five times by three different popes. Several civil wars over his throne took place in both Italy and Germany. He died of illness, soon after defeating his son's army near Visé, in Lorraine, France.

Henry's wife Bertha died on 27 December 1087. She was also buried at the Speyer Cathedral. Their children were:

In 1089 Henry married Eupraxia of Kiev (crowned Empress in 1088), a daughter of Vsevolod I, Prince of Kiev, and sister to Vladimir II Monomakh, prince of Kievan Rus.

 

Heinrich III, King of the Germans Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

The father of Henry IV was Henry III (28 October 1016 – 5 October 1056), called the Black or the Pious, was a member of the Salian Dynasty of Holy Roman Emperors. He was the eldest son of Conrad II of Germany and Gisela of Swabia.His father made him Duke of Bavaria (as Henry VI) in 1026, after the death of Duke Henry V. On Easter Day 1028, after his father was crowned Holy Roman Emperor, Henry was elected and crowned King of Germany in the cathedral of Aachen by Pilgrim, Archbishop of Cologne. After the death of Herman IV, Duke of Swabia in 1038, his father gave him that duchy, as well as the kingdom of Burgundy, which Conrad had inherited in 1033. Upon the death of his father on 4 June 1039, he became sole ruler of the kingdom and was crowned emperor by Pope Clement II in Rome (1046).

Henry III was married twice and had at least seven children:

  1. Beatrice (1037 – 13 July 1061), abbess of Quedlinburg and Gandersheim

  • With his second wife, Agnes:

  1. Adelaide II (1045, Goslar – 11 January 1096), abbess of Gandersheim from 1061 and Quedlinburg from 1063

  2. Gisela (1047, Ravenna – 6 May 1053)

  3. Henry, his successor

  4. Conrad (1052, Regensburg – 10 April 1055), duke of Bavaria (from 1054)

  5. Judith (1054, Goslar – 14 March 1092 or 1096), married firstly 1063 Solomon of Hungary and secondly 1089 Ladislaus I Herman, duke of Poland

 

 

Konrad II, King of Italy & Burgundy Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire

The parent of Henry III  was Conrad II (c. 990—4 June 1039), also known as Conrad the Elder and Conrad the Salic, was Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire from 1027 until his death in 1039. The founder of the Salian dynasty of emperors, Conrad also served as King of Germany from 1024, King of Italy from 1026, and King of Burgundy from 1033.

The son of a mid-level nobleman in Franconia, Count Henry of Speyer and Adelaide of Alsace, he inherited the titles of count of Speyer and of Worms as an infant when his father died. Conrad extended his power beyond his inherited lands, receiving the favor of the princes of the Kingdom of Germany. When the Saxon-based Ottonian dynasty of emperors died off with the childless Emperor Henry II, Conrad was elected to succeed him as King in 1024 at the age of 34. Conrad founded his own dynasty of rulers, known as the Salian dynasty, which ruled the Holy Roman Empire for over a century.

Conrad continued the policies and achievements of the Ottonian Henry II regarding the Catholic Church and the affairs of Italy. Conrad continued to build the Church as a center for imperial power, preferring to appoint church bishops over secular lords to important posts across the Empire. Like Henry II before him, Conrad also continued a policy of benign neglect over Italy, especially for the city of Rome. His reign marked a high point of the medieval imperial rule and a relatively peaceful period for the Empire. Following the death of the childless King Rudolph III of Burgundy in 1032, Conrad claimed dominion over the Kingdom of Arles and incorporated it into the Empire. The three kingdoms (Germany, Italy, and Burgundy) formed the basis of the Empire as the "royal triad" (regna tria).

Conrad married Gisela of Swabia in 1016, the daughter of Duke Herman II of Swabia. They had three children:

 

 

Heinrich, Count of Speyergau

Henry of Speyer (German: Heinrich von Speyer, also Heinrich von Worms; c. 970 – 989/992), a member of the Salian dynasty, was count in the Rhenish Franconian Wormsgau. He was the father of Emperor Conrad II. According to the 977 donation deed of Lambrecht Abbey, Henry was the eldest son of Count Otto von Worms (d. 1004), Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 983 and again from 995, and his wife Judith. He married Adelaide of Metz (d. 1039/46)a sister of the Lorraine counts Gerhard III and Adalbert II. The marriage produced a son, Conrad (c. 990 – 1039) who was elected King of the Romans in 1024 and crowned Holy Roman Emperor three years later, and a daughter, Judith. Henry's younger brother Bruno was elected Pope Gregory V in 996, his brother Conrad I succeeded their father as Duke of Carinthia in 1004. Little is known of Henry's life, since he died at around the age of 20, even predeceasing his father Otto. He is buried in Worms Cathedral along with his daughter Judith. Adelaide outlived her husband by many years; she secondly married another Franconian count, possibly from the Elder House of Babenberg (Popponids), and died in 1046.

 

 

Otto, Duke of Carinthia-Waiblingen

Otto I (c. 948 – 4 November 1004), called Otto of Worms, a member of the Salian dynasty, was Duke of Carinthia from 978 to 985 and again from 1002 until his death was the father of Henry of Speyer.

Otto married Judith (died 991), probably a granddaughter of Duke Arnulf the Bad of Bavaria. They had the following known children:

 

 

Henry the Fowler

The Father of Otto was Henry the Fowler (German: Heinrich der Finkler or Heinrich der Vogler; Latin: Henricus Auceps) (876 – 2 July 936) was the duke of Saxony from 912 and the elected king of East Francia (Germany) from 919 until his death in 936. As the first non-Frankish king, he established the Ottonian Dynasty of kings and emperors, he is generally considered to be the founder and first king of the medieval German state, known until then as East Francia. An avid hunter, he obtained the epithet "the Fowler" because he was allegedly fixing his birding nets when messengers arrived to inform him that he was to be king. By his death in July 936 Henry had prevented collapse of royal power, as had happened in West Francia, and left a much stronger kingdom to his successor Otto I. Henry died on 2 July 936 in his royal palace in Memleben, one of his favourite places. He was buried at Quedlinburg Abbey, established by his wife Matilda in his honor.

 

Conrado Duque de Lorraine

 Conrad (c. 922 – 10 August 955), called the Red (German: Konrad der Rote), was Duke of Lorraine from 944 until 953. He became the progenitor of the Imperial Salian dynasty. He was incorrectly identified at the father of Otto I and since a man cannot have two fathers does not belong in this list of ancestors.

 

 

Otto I Duke of Saxony

The parent of Henry the Fowler was Otto (or Oddo) (c. 851 – 30 November 912), called the Illustrious (der Erlauchte) by later authors, was the Duke of Saxony from 880 to his death. He was father of Henry the Fowler and grandfather of Otto the Great. He also was father-in-law of Zwentibold, Carolingian King of Lotharingia.

Otto's wife was Hathui of Babenberg (Hedwiga, †903), daughter of Henry of Franconia. Otto was and is buried in the church of Gandersheim Abbey. He had two sons, Thankmar and Liudolf, who predeceased him, but his third son Henry succeeded him as duke of Saxony and was later elected king. His daughter Oda married the Carolingian King Zwentibold of Lotharingia.

 

 

Liudolf, Duke of Saxony

Otto's parentage was Liudolf (c. 805/820 – 11/12 March 866) was a Carolingian office bearer and count in the Duchy of Saxony from about 844. The ruling Liudolfing house, also known as the Ottonian dynasty, is named after him; he is its oldest verified member. About 830 Liudolf married Oda, daughter of a Frankish princeps named Billung and his wife Aeda (Adelaide). By marrying a Frankish nobleman's daughter, Liudolf followed suggestions set forth by Charlemagne about ensuring the integrity of the Carolingian Empire in the aftermath of the Saxon Wars through marriage. Oda died on 17 May 913, supposedly at the age of 107. They had at least seven children.

 

 

Adelaide of France

Oda's mother was Adelaide of France AKA Ada.. She was born Abt. 784 AD , the daughter of Pepin the Short and Bertrada de Laon, sharing her parentage with Holy Roman Emperor Charlemagne. She was also the aunt of Holy Roman Emperor Louis the Pious,  Charlemagne's son.

This may be a weak link, so to speak.

From Ancestry.com we find:

Adelaide of France was born Abt. 784 AD The daughter of Pepin the Short and Bertrada de Laon.  Adelaide had 4 children by her husband Eberhard Duke Of Friuli The first two were male and the last were female. Oda Thuringia of Saxony, the last child, was born in 816 when her mother was 32. Adelaide died on May 12, year unknown.  

Wickopedia has:

In 741, Pepin married Bertrada of Laon. Her father, Charibert, was the son of Pepin II's brother, Martin of Laon. They are known to have had eight children, at least three of whom survived to adulthood:

  • Charles (2 April 742 – 28 January 814), (Charlemagne)

  • Carloman (751 – 4 December 771)

  • Gisela (757–810)

  • Pepin, died in infancy.

  • Chrothais, died young, buried in Metz.

  • Adelais, died young, buried in Metz.

  • Two unnamed daughters

Could Adelais and Adelaide be the same person. Possible but Adelade did not die young (a child). She had 4 children with her husband Eberhard Duke Of Friuli. Dying at 32, if she died in child birth of Oda and could be considered "young". But then we find two unnamed daughters either one of whom could have been our ancestor if Adelais was not. But, our money is on  Adelais.

Charlemagne and his ancestors are my paternal ancestors. Adelaide and her ancestors are my maternal ancestors. And so both my paternal and maternal ancestors share Pepin the Short and all of his ancestors. To follow this line see Pepin the Short

 

End notes:

We had 4 ancestors on my Maternal side who bore the title Holy Roman Emperor. They were:

 1 Frederick I Holy Roman Emperor
2 Henry IV King of Germany and Emperor
3 Heinrich III, King of the Germans Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire
4 Konrad II, King of Italy & Burgundy Emperor of the Holy Roman Empire


In addition there were 2 ancestors on my Paternal side to have the title.

1 Charlemagne
2  Louis the Pious


What is the Holy Roman Empire?

The Holy Roman Empire (Latin: Sacrum Imperium Romanum; German: Heiliges Römisches Reich) was a multi-ethnic complex of territories in central Europe that developed during the Early Middle Ages and continued until its dissolution in 1806. The largest territory of the empire after 962 was the Kingdom of Germany, though it also came to include the Kingdom of Bohemia, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories. On 25 December 800, Pope Leo III crowned the Frankish king Charlemagne as Emperor, reviving the title in Western Europe, more than three centuries after the fall of the Western Roman Empire. The title continued in the Carolingian family until 888 and from 896 to 899, after which it was contested by the rulers of Italy in a series of civil wars until the death of the last Italian claimant, Berengar, in 924. The title was revived in 962 when Otto I was crowned emperor, fashioning himself as the successor of Charlemagneand beginning a continuous existence of the empire for over eight centuries Some historians refer to the coronation of Charlemagne as the origin of the empire, while others prefer the coronation of Otto I as its beginning.Scholars generally concur, however, in relating an evolution of the institutions and principles constituting the empire, describing a gradual assumption of the imperial title and role. The precise term "Holy Roman Empire" was not used until the 13th century, but the concept of translatio imperii, the notion that he held supreme power inherited from the emperors of Rome, was fundamental to the prestige of the emperor The office of Holy Roman Emperor was traditionally elective, although frequently controlled by dynasties. The German prince-electors, the highest-ranking noblemen of the empire, usually elected one of their peers as "King of the Romans", and he would later be crowned emperor by the Pope; the tradition of papal coronations was discontinued in the 16th century. The empire never achieved the extent of political unification formed in France, evolving instead into a decentralized, limited elective monarchy composed of hundreds of sub-units, principalities, duchies, counties, Free Imperial Cities, and other domains. The power of the emperor was limited, and while the various princes, lords, bishops, and cities of the empire were vassals who owed the emperor their allegiance, they also possessed an extent of privileges that gave them de facto independence within their territories. Emperor Francis II dissolved the empire on 6 August 1806, after the creation of the Confederation of the Rhine by Napoleon.
 

 

© Grandpa Don Plefka
aka Harry Ronald Cecora
10/09/2017

 

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