The Royal Line
This line of
ancestors was confirmed in May of 2011. It consists of ancestors of
my 9th Great Grandfather Gen James Cudworth
This is their story, as I know it.
Your return trip to ...
Having ended Page One with his son, we begin here with
King Edward I of England and work back in time and
history. Links to encyclopedia articles are provided for
detailed information. We end this page with a canonized
Margaret of Wessex, Queen Margaret of Scotland,
who was an English princess of the House of Wessex.
The Plantagenet Kings
The House of Plantagenet (pronounced /plænˈtædʒɨnɨt/), a
branch of the Angevins, was a royal house founded by
Geoffrey V of Anjou, father of Henry II of England.
Plantagenet kings first ruled the Kingdom of England in
the 12th century. Their paternal ancestors originated in
the French province of Gâtinais and gained the County of
Anjou through marriage during the 11th century. The
dynasty accumulated several other holdings, building the
Angevin Empire which at its peak stretched from the
Pyrenees to Ireland and the border with Scotland.
Edward I of England (1230 - 1307)
Married to Margaret of
France also known as Edward Longshanks and The Hammer of
the Scots, was King of England from 1272 to 1307. He had
the dubious distinction of doing in Robert the Bruce of
the movie Braveheart fame. Margaret of France was
our link to the French Royalty. See
Royal Line for her ancestors.
Henry III of England (1207 - 1272)
the son and successor of John as King of England,
reigning for 56 years from 1216 until his death. His
contemporaries knew him as Henry of Winchester. He was
Eleanor of Provence who was our
link to the Royalty of Provence, Aragon and Barcelona.
John "Lackland" King of England
John (24 December 1166 – 18/19 October 1216), also known
as John Lackland or Softsword, was King of England from
6 April 1199 until his death. During John's reign,
England lost the duchy of Normandy to the French king
Philip II, which resulted in the collapse of most of the
Angevin Empire and contributed to the subsequent growth
in power of the Capetian dynasty during the 13th
century. The baronial revolt at the end of John's reign
led to the signing of the Magna Carta, a document often
considered to be an early step in the evolution of the
constitution of the United Kingdom.
Henry II of England
Henry II (5 March
1133 – 6 July 1189) ruled as King of England
(1154–1189), Count of Anjou, Count of Maine, Duke of
Normandy, Duke of Aquitaine, Duke of Gascony, Count of
Nantes, Lord of Ireland and, at various times,
controlled parts of Wales, Scotland and western France.
Henry, the great-grandson of William the Conqueror, was
the first of the House of Plantagenet to rule England.
Henry was the first to use the title "King of England"
(as opposed to "King of the English").
Henry II married
Eleanor of Aquitaine
but of course we all know of that from the movies Becket
and The lion in the Winter.
Eleanor of Aquitaine (1122-1204) ,
the wife of Henery II, was one of the wealthiest and
most powerful women in Western Europe during the High
Middle Ages. As well as being Duchess of Aquitaine in
her own right, she was queen consort of France
(1137–1152) and of England (1154–1189). Eleanor of
Aquitaine is the only woman to have been queen of both
France and England. She was the patroness of such
literary figures as Wace, Benoît de Sainte-More, and
Chrétien de Troyes.
(1102-1167)Mother of Henry II, also known as Matilda of England or
Maude, was the daughter and heir of King Henry I of England. Matilda
and her younger brother, William Adelin, were the only legitimate
children of King Henry to survive to adulthood. William's early
death in the White ship disaster in 1120 made Matilda the last heir
from the paternal line of her grandfather William the Conqueror.
As a child, Matilda was betrothed to
and later married Henry V, Holy Roman Emperor, acquiring the title
Empress. The couple had no known children. After being widowed for a
few years, she was married to Geoffrey count of Anjou, with whom she
had three sons, the eldest of whom became King Henry II of England.
Matilda was the first female ruler of
the Kingdom of England. The length of her effective rule was brief,
however — a few months in 1141. She was never crowned and failed to
consolidate her rule (legally and politically). For this reason, she
is normally excluded from lists of English monarchs, and her rival
(and cousin) Stephen of Blois is listed as monarch for the period
1135-1154. Their rivalry for the throne led to years of unrest and
civil war in England that have been called The Anarchy. She did
secure her inheritance of the Duchy of Normandy — through the
military feats of her husband, Geoffrey — and campaigned
unstintingly for her oldest son's inheritance, living to see him
ascend the throne of England in 1154.
Geoffrey V Plantagenet Anjou
1151), Was the father of Henery II. He was called the Handsome
(French: le Bel) and Plantagenet, was the Count of Anjou, Touraine,
and Maine by inheritance from 1129 and then Duke of Normandy by
conquest from 1144. By his marriage to the Empress Matilda, daughter
and heiress of Henry I of England, Geoffrey had a son, Henry
Curtmantle, who succeeded to the English throne and founded the
Plantagenet dynasty to which Geoffrey gave his nickname.
Fulk, King of Jerusalem (abt 1090 - 1143
), Father of Geoffrey V Plantagenet, also known as Fulk the
Younger, was Count of Anjou (as Fulk V) from 1109 to 1129, and King
of Jerusalem from 1131 to his death. He was also the paternal
grandfather of Henry II of England. He was married to Ermengarde or
Erembourg of Maine, also known as Erembourg de la Flèche (died
1126), was Countess of Maine and the Lady of Château-du-Loir from
1110 to 1126. She was the daughter of Elias I of Maine, Count of
Maine, and Mathilda of Château-du-Loire.
Henry I of England
Henry I (c.
1068/1069 – 1 December 1135) was the fourth son of William I of
England. He succeeded his elder brother William II as King of
England in 1100 and defeated his eldest brother, Robert Curthose, to
become Duke of Normandy in 1106. A later tradition called him
Beauclerc for his scholarly interests— he could read Latin and put
his learning to effective use— and Lion of Justice for refinements
which he brought about in the royal administration, which he
rendered the most effective in Europe, rationalizing the itinerant
court, and his public espousal of the Anglo-Saxon legal tradition.
Matilda of Scotland (c. 1080 – 1 May 1118),
born Edith, was the first wife and Queen consort of Henry I of
England. Matilda was born around 1080 in Dunfermline, the daughter
of Malcolm III of Scotland and Saint Margaret. She was christened (baptised)
Edith, and Robert Curthose stood as godfather at the ceremony. Queen
Matilda, the consort of William the Conqueror, was also present at
the baptismal font and was her godmother. Baby Matilda pulled at
Queen Matilda's headress, which was seen as an omen that the younger
Matilda would be queen one day
We can read more of Matilda and follow her ancestry from the Kings
of Scotland at
Saint Margaret (c. 1045 – 16 November 1093),
The mother of Matilda of Scotland also known as Margaret of
Wessex and Queen Margaret of Scotland, was an English princess of
the House of Wessex. Born in exile in Hungary, she was the sister of
Edgar Ætheling, the short-ruling and uncrowned Anglo-Saxon King of
England. Margaret and her family returned to England in 1057, but
fled to Scotland following the Norman conquest of 1066. Around 1070
Margaret married Malcolm III, King of Scots, becoming his Queen
consort. She was a pious woman, and among many charitable works she
established a ferry across the Firth of Forth for pilgrims
travelling to Dunfermline Abbey, which gave the towns of Queensferry
and North Queensferry their names. Margaret was the mother of three
Kings of Scotland and a Queen consort of England. According to the
Life of Saint Margaret, attributed to Turgot, she died at Edinburgh
Castle in 1093, just days after receiving the news of her husband's
death in battle. In 1250 she was canonised by Pope Innocent IV, and
her remains were reinterred in a shrine at Dunfermline Abbey.
For the connection to our "common" and more
recent ancestors in America see:
Cudworth line and from
there to join the Doolittle Family, then Thayer and finally Copeland
The pages that cover our Royal Ancestors are:
Page One - Royal Heritage
Page Two - Plantagenet Kings
Three - The House of Wessex
- William and the Normans
Research & Conclusion
© Grandpa Don
aka Harry Ronald Cecora
May 11, 2011
respect the right of ownership of this page.
Please feel free to link to it from your web site